General Instructions:Essays must be 4-5 pages in length (at least four full pages), typed, double-spaced, and in 12-point font in Times New Roman or Arial. Except for online and printed sources assigned by the instructor, no other web or printed sources should be used (e.g., Wikipedia). Please type your name at the top of the first page. Essays must be submitted electronically through Canvas no later than the due date indicated on the syllabus. Any assignment submitted after the due date will have one point deducted for each day it is late. Citation Guidelines:Since you are using only in-class source materials for essay assignments, you do not have to include a bibliography or works cited page. Use parenthetical citations to reference your sources. Parenthetical citations should be placed at the end of the sentence or passage in which the source material is cited. After the first full citation of a source, you may shorten the title of the document and use the author’s last name in subsequent citations, as indicated below. Lecture material must be cited, too.Printed textbook: (William J. Duiker and Jackson J. Spielvogel, World History, vol. 1, 100) (Duiker, World History, 100)OER textbook: (Christopher Brooks, Western Civilization: A Concise History, vol. 2, 75) (Brooks, Western Civilization, 75)Lecture material: (Lauren Madak, “The Reformation in Europe,” PowerPoint Presentation) (Madak, “The Reformation”)Assignment Question:Using lecture material, the printed textbook (Chapter 15), and the OER textbook (Chapter 2 & Chapter 6), answer the following question: What were the long-term and immediate causes of the Protestant Reformation in Europe?